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2017年江苏单招英语押题卷(二)

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时间:2016-09-14

阅读数:882

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2017年江苏单招英语押题卷(二)

.语法单句填空

1—John fell behind in his studies.

—No wonder. He was addicted ________ (play) the QQ Farm online.

答案:playing 从John fell behind in his studiesNo wonder可知A项正确。be addicted to上了瘾的;入了迷的

2Every time he ________(come) to visit me, he ________ (buy) me some books.

答案:comeswill buy Every time在句中用作连词,引导时间状语从句,故应使用主将从一般原则,即主句使用将来时,从句使用一般现在时替代将来时。

3If you take ________ risk of not wearing a seat belt, you will be ________ risk.

答案:theat 考查冠词的用法。take the risk of...冒着()……的危险at risk处于危险中;处境危险

4She's in a hopeless situation, ________ we will keep a very close eye on.

答案:which 考查定语从句。定语从句的解题关键是:在主句中找出先行词,该句的先行词是a hopeless situation,然后把先行词代入从句中,判断其在从句中的地位作用,此处关系词在从句中作on的宾语,同时这里又是非限制性定语从句,所以应该用关系代词which,选C项。

5Having been here for two years, I have been accustomed to ________(live) in such a noisy place.

答案: living 句意:在这儿住了两年了,我已经习惯这种吵闹的地方了。be accustomed to doing...习惯于……”

6Anny was banned ________ driving for two years because of a serious accident caused by drinking and driving.

答案:from 句意:因为一次由酒后驾驶所造成的严重事故,安妮被禁止开车两年。ban sb. from doing sth.禁止某人做某事

7—Have you heard the ________(disappoint) news that your class failed again in the game?

—Yes, we were all ________(disappoint) about it.

答案:disappointing; disappointed 当修饰事物时,多用disappointing,意为令人失望的;当修饰表示人的词语时,常指主语的内心状态,用disappointed,意为失望的;沮丧的

8Lydia doesn't feel like ________(study) abroad. Her parents are old.

答案:studying 考查非谓语动词。句意:莉迪亚不想出国学习,她的父母都上年纪了。feel like sth./doing sth.是固定搭配,表示想要某物/想要做某事

9(2013·吉林省实验中学高三质检)We are very proud ________ you because your achievements have a great effect ________ our life.

答案:ofon 考查短语中的介词搭配。be proud of……而骄傲have an effect on……有影响

10Doctors are doing research to find out what happens physically when people quit ________ (smoke)

答案:smoking 句意:医生正在做研究来找出人们戒烟后身体发生的变化。quit停止后接doing

.阅读理解

Psychologists have discovered that even the most independent­minded of us will conform to social pressure when we are with a group of people. In one classic experiment, people were shown a vertical(垂直的) line and asked to find a line of identical length from a selection of three.

You might think that this is an absurdly easy task, and when people perform it by themselves they do very well. However, psychologists have discovered that we are very easily swayed by the opinions of other people when we do this task in a group. In one study, a group of three people was set up, where two of the people were confederates(同伙) of the experimenter. When the confederates deliberately gave wrong answers, people were often swayed to give the wrong answer also. In fact, 75% of people gave at least one wrong answer, with some people conforming to peer pressure on every occasion.

But why do people conform in this way? In an easy task like this, it seems that people do not want to step out of line with the prevailing opinion of the group. On more difficult tasks, people also conform because they lose confidence in their own ability to make decisions and prefer to trust the majority opinion instead.

A typical example of this kind of conformity arises when we come across people in distress. Would you help a woman who has been attacked in the street? It turns out that you are much more likely to go to her assistance if you are alone. When other people are also around, a diffusion of responsibility occurs. People are paralysed into inaction, because everyone assumes that someone else will go to the woman's assistance.

文章大意:本文讲述了心理学上的一个现象:作为群体动物,我们都会遵从社会压力。同时,对这一现象进行了理论探讨。

1In Paragraph 1, the underlined word “conform” probably means “________”

Aseek independence   Bdisobey orders

Cfollow what others do   Dseek pleasure

答案:C 猜测词义题。由画线句,特别是even the most independent­minded of us可推知,画线词是顺从,遵照之意。画线句意为心理学家发现,当我们和一群人在一起时,即使是最有独立思想的我们也会遵从社会压力

2What is the purpose of the experiment described in Paragraph 2?

ATo explain why would people be influenced by the opinions of others.

BTo prove that people are easily influenced by the opinions of others.

CTo train the confederates of the experimenter as independent­minded.

DTo describe how people would be influenced by the opinions of others.

答案:B 推理判断题。所举例子是例证文章第一句话的。

3In the last paragraph, according to the author, why wouldn't one help the woman?

AHe thinks he has no responsibilities to give a hand.

BHe thinks he has nothing to do with it.

CHe is too shy to give his helping hand.

DHe thinks someone else will offer assistance.

答案:D 细节理解题。由最后一段最后一句话“...because everyone assumes that someone else will go to the woman's assistance.”可知,因为每个人都认为别人会帮忙,所以会袖手旁观。

4What method does the author mainly use to develop the text?

AGiving examples.  BCause­effect analysis.

CComparative analysis.  DProcess analysts.

答案:A 推理判断题。由文章内容可知,一共举了两个例子例证作者的观点。

.七选五

For teens, life is not a playground. Rather, it's a jungle. And, doing the parent of a teenager isn't a walk in the park, either.

How will they deal with peer (同龄人) pressure? Motivation? Success or lack of confidence?   __1__  As a parent, you should help them learn the principles that will help them to reach their goals and live a successful life.

__2__  Hopefully they will be a compass to help you deal with the problems they meet daily.

Be proactive (积极主动的)

Being proactive is the key to unlocking the other habits.  __3__   Proactive people understand that they are responsible for their own happiness and unhappiness. They don't blame others for their own actions or feelings.

__4__

Teens can learn to develop the belief that it is possible to create an atmosphere of win­win in every relationship. This habit helps your teen learn to celebrate the success of others instead of feeling threatened by them.

Put first things first

This habit helps teens prioritize (区分优先次序) and manage their time so that they focus on and complete the most important things in their lives. Putting first things first also means learning to overcome fears and being strong during difficult times.   __5__

AThink win­win.

BBegin with the end in mind.

CHelp your teen create a personal goal.

DThe life of a teenager is full of difficulties.

EIt's living life according to what matters most.

FHelp your teen take control and responsibility for his life.

GHere are three important habits for helping your teen understand and apply them.

答案:15 DGFAE

.语法填空

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

AHi.

BHi! What's up?

ANothing much. I'm just watching a debate on TV.__1__is about no smoking in public places.

BOh, yeah. So, what do you think about it?

AWell, I don't think people should be allowed__2__(smoke)in public places, so I support the suggestion.

BReally? I'm a smoker, so I should have the right to smoke whenever I want.

ABut don't you think that __3__(smoker) have rights too?

BSure. You don't have to smoke if you don't want to. What's the problem?

AWell, I think that I should have the right not to breathe smoke.

BSo why cannot you just go outside__4__it bothers you?

AI want to ask you__5__same question. Why cannot smokers just go outside if__6__want to smoke?

BWell, smoking is part of my lifestyle. I can think__7__(good)if I have a cigarette.

AI can breathe better if I don't have to breathe smoke. Smoking is bad for your health. Doctors say that just__8__(breath)in other people's smoke can also cause cancer.

BWell, I'm a smoker, and__9__health is good.

AYes. But will it be good in fifteen years?

BI hope so.

AI hope so, too. I think we'll just have to agree or disagree about this subject. Do you want__10__(watch) the debate with me?

BSure.

答案:

1It 2.to smoke 3.non­smokers 4.if 5.the 6.they

7better 8.breathing 9.my 10.to watch

.短文改错

Several days ago, my classmates and I visited to the Cincinnati School for the Blind and Deaf. We had party with some of the student there and had a wonderful time. I met a girl at the party. She couldn't speak or hear, but we “talked” by writing on each other hands. When saying goodbye, she writes on my hand, “Please come here as often as possible.” Many people are concerning about disabled people and give her money. However, I think which we should do is to communicate with them rather than give money. If you want to help disabled people, making friends with them and visit them regularly. Nothing is much important than friendship.

答案:

Several days ago, my classmates and I visited (to) the Cincinnati School for the Blind and Deaf. We had ∧a party with some of the studentstudents there and had a wonderful time. I met a girl at the party. She couldn't speak or hear, but we “talked” by writing on each otherother's hands. When saying goodbye, she writeswrote on my hand, “Please come here as often as possible.” Many people are concerningconcerned about disabled people and give herthem money. However, I think whichwhat we should do is to communicate with them rather than give money. If you want to help disabled people, makingmake friends with them and visit them regularly. Nothing is muchmore important than friendship.

.书面表达

假定你是你们班的班长李华。来自澳大利亚的高中生访问团一行20人明天上午将到你们班经行交流,请你根据下列内容提示用英语写一篇发言稿。

1.表示欢迎;2.班级简介;3.同学特点;4.学校生活;5.表达愿望。

注意:1.次数:100左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数)2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.不要在发言稿中使用你的真实姓名和学校的名字。

Dear friends

Good morning! I'm Li Hua, monitor of our class.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you!

答案:

Dear friends

Good morning! I'm Li Hua, monitor of our class. On behalf of our class, I'm much honored to give you a warm welcome.

First, I'd like to introduce our class. There are 50 students altogether, 23 boys and 27 girls. We're one of the top classes in our school. Every student is friendly, active, hardworking and confident. We have 4 classes in the morning and 2 in the afternoon on weekdays. Besides studies, we have a variety of associations, such as the drama club, the music club and the reading bar and so on. We also take part in various sports in the afternoon.

I hope we'll learn about each other and become friends through the communication. I believe you will enjoy your stay here and have great fun.

Thank you!

 

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