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2017年江苏单招英语押题卷(一)

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时间:2016-09-14

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2017年江苏单招英语押题卷(一)

.语法单句填空

1These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more ________(attract) and easier to sell to the public.

答案:attractive 考查形容词词义。句意:这些机器人将被设计成人的模样以便使它们更具吸引力,这样也就更容易卖给大众。

2I think people must have found it quite ________ delight when colour TV was first broadcast in ________ 1920s.

答案:athe 考查冠词的用法。第一个空考查抽象名词具体化,此处a delight意为高兴的事;第二个空考查的是固定用法,表示几十年代要用定冠词,如in the 1920s

3It's Mary's own fault if she feels left ______ at the party; she makes no effort to be friendly to people.

答案:out 考查动词短语。句意:如果玛丽在派对上感到受到冷落,那也是她自己的错误;她对别人一点也不友好。leave out被冷落

4A new food market has been built ________ the convenience of the residents.

答案:for 句意:为方便居民,新建了一个食品超市。for the convenience为了……便利,方便,符合句意。

5There are more than two million farmers, making________ two thirds of the total population of the province.

答案:up 句意:这个省份有二百多万农民,占总人口数的三分之二。空格处表示组成;构成之意,与farmers为逻辑上的主谓关系,因此用现在分词making up

6—I have never heard it ______(talk) of before. And you?

—The same as you.

答案:talked 考查过去分词短语作宾补。句意:——我以前从没有听说过谈论此事,你呢?——和你一样。宾语和宾补之间构成被动关系,故使用过去分词作宾补。

7Though computers can do a lot of work man can't do, they can't completely take______ place of human beings.

答案:the 考查短语意义。句意:虽然电脑能做许多人类不能做的工作,但是电脑并不能完全代替人。take the place of代替……”,符合句意。

8It is strange that he ________ (know) so much about me.

答案:(should) know 在Itbe/seemsstrange(necessaryimportantnaturala pity, a shame...) that...句型中,that所引导的主语从句的谓语动词常用should+动词原形的形式,should可以省略。

9—Is there any possibility ________ you could pick me up at the airport?

—No problem.

答案:that 考查名词性从句。问句句意:你可能到机场来接我吗?that引导的从句作possibility的同位语,that无意义,起连接作用。

10—Why do you suggest we buy a new machine?

—Because the old one has been damaged ________ repair.

答案: beyond 考查短语意义。句意:——你为什么建议我们买一台新机器呢?——因为旧的那台已经损坏得无法修理了。A项意为无法到达B项意为无法修理C项意为无法控制D项意为无法描述

.阅读理解

For thousands of years, the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. Traditionally, the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, where the people gather together to socialize and exchange news.  

As a result, British pubs are often old and well preserved. Many of them have become historicists. The most famous example is the pub in the city of Nottingham called “The Old Trip to Jerusalem”which dates back to the year 1189 AD and is probably the oldest pub in England.

However, British pubs are not just for kings and queens; they welcome people from all classes and parts of society. On a cold night, the pub's landlord or landlady can always find a warm place for you by the fire. There is always honest and hearty food and plenty of drink available at an affordable price.

That's how things used to be. Things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit crunch(信贷紧缩 ) is causing 39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People do not have enough spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned (禁止) smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs.

This decline(衰退) is happening despite the fact that in 2005 the UK government started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 pm. Previously, with 11 pm. as closing time, customers would have to drink quite quickly, meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known as “binge drinking”and it causes long­term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities.

In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. British pubs now offer something for everyone. A lot of pubs used to be “Working Men's Clubs”meaning that women could not usually enter. Today, however, women can freely enter 99% of pubs without experiencing any problems. Perhaps things are changing for the better after all.

文章大意:酒馆和教堂一直是英国最重要的建筑。本文重点介绍了酒馆的历史和现在。

1The passage mainly tells us something about ________.

Athe long history of British pubs

Bthe decline of British pubs

Cthe past and present of British pubs

Dthe importance of British pubs

答案:C 主旨大意题。全文讲的是英国酒馆的过去和现在。

2Which may not be the cause of the decline of British pubs?

AThe credit crunch.     BThe present closing time.

CThe ban of smoking.   DHaving no spare money.

答案:B 细节理解题。由第四段可知,酒馆的衰退是因为三个方面的原因:信贷紧缩、人们没有闲钱和政府在酒馆的禁烟。

3We can infer from the passage that ________.

Abinge drinking means drinking less beer

BBritish people used to like drinking slowly

Cclosing the pubs early will reduce social problems

DBritish government aims to discourage people from binge drinking

答案:D 推理判断题。由第五段最后一句话The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known as “binge drinking”and it causes long­term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities.可知,binge drinking造成了人们的长期的健康问题和社区暴力问题;该段一开始讲到政府延长了酒馆的营业时间,这就能有效避免这一问题。可以得出结论:政府的目的是减少binge drinking

4We can see from the last Paragraph that the author ______.

Aholds an optimistic attitude towards the British pubs

Bis against the admission of too many women to the pubs

Cthinks that women in the pubs will cause less social problems

Dthinks that British pubs should offer everything you need

答案:A 推理判断题。由最后一段,特别是最后一句话“Perhaps things are changing for the better after all.”可知,作者对酒馆持乐观态度。

.七选五

If you're looking for a challenging situation to practice your English, pick up the phone. Not being able to see the other person and the body language can make the chatting difficult.    __1__ Here are some tips to guide you through an average phone conversation in English.

1Greetings

Every phone call should begin with a polite greeting such as Hi, how've you been or “Nice to hear from you”. Even if you're calling a business contact for a specific purpose, it'd be rude to jump right into business.   __2__

2Getting to the point

There always comes the point where you want to move on from friendly chatting and get down to business. What should you do in this situation?   __3__   However, if you are waiting to find out why someone called you, you can guide the conversation by saying So what can I do for you  

3Interrupting without offence

Sometimes you may happen to be speaking with a very talkative person.   __4__   Keep in mind when you'd like to interrupt, be sure to do it politely. For example, begin with “I'd like to say something here”

4Closing the call

This can be the trickiest part of the conversation! It may be the time to offer good wishes if it's appropriate.   __5__   Sometimes it's easiest to just say you enjoyed speaking to the other person. Also remember cleverly saying the word well at the beginning of a sentence can indicate you're ready to end the conversation.

AUse the phrase “I'm just calling to...” to change to the         topic at hand.

BAdditionally, you may want to confirm any plans you've         made.

CYou should make a little small talk at the beginning.

DYou'd better greet him or her in a friendly way.

ESo it may be difficult to get a word in.

FPractice English through phone calls.

GNever fear, though!

答案:15 GCAEB

.语法填空

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

JamieHave you been watching the Euro 2012 football tournament?

SamJust a bit. Why, have you?

JamieOf course! I've really started to like football__1__ I came to London. Just think, a year ago, I was still in Montreal and didn't know a thing about it.

SamWell, I'm from New Jersey. Americans aren't so into football. Actually, we call__2__ soccer. When Americans say “football”what we mean is American rules football. I've been here two years now, and I still get__3__(confuse)when people call soccer “__4__”

JamieI know all about America. For you, “football” means the sport__5__those big guys wear helmets and__6__(violent) run into each other.

SamYeah. Americans prefer__7__(watch)sports that are fast, like basketball. I think basketball players are the greatest athletes on earth. What they can do just amazes me.__8__when I watch a soccer match, I just get bored. There aren't enough goals.

JamieWell, I see what you're saying, but there's so much more to “soccer”__9__you call it, than goals. There're a lot of strategies__10__(involve). And in a tournament like Euro 2012, it's fascinating to see how the different countries have different styles of playing.

答案:

1since 2.it 3.confused 4.football 5.where 6.violently 7.watching 8.But 9.as 10.involved

.短文改错

On April 16th, we went sightseeing that we have long expected. We left at 630 on our school bus and arrived Beihai Park three hours later.  Soon we jumped on the bus and organized a hill­climbing contest. Everyone tried their best to reach the top of the hill as faster as they could. Then we rowed small boats in the lake. By 12 o'clock we had a quickly lunch in order to save time. It was the afternoon activities that made us exciting. We visited the Sea World and watched the dolphin's show.  We couldn't help taking lots of wonderful photo. We enjoyed ourselves very much that we didn't realize it was the time to return until 500 pm.

答案:

On April 16th, we went sightseeing that we havehad long expected. We left at 630 on our school bus and arrived ∧at Beihai Park three hours later.  Soon we jumped onoff the bus and organized a hill­climbing contest. Everyone tried their best to reach the top of the hill as fasterfast as they could. Then we rowed small boats in the lake. By 12 o'clock we had a quicklyquick lunch in order to save time. It was the afternoon activities that made us excitingexcited. We visited the Sea World and watched the dolphin'sdolphin show.  We couldn't help taking lots of wonderful photophotos. We enjoyed ourselves veryso much that we didn't realize it was (the) time to return until 500 pm.

.书面表达

在很多学校食堂,浪费粮食的现象屡见不鲜。请结合你生活中的实际情况,谈谈下面两幅图给你的启示和感想。

注意:1.文中不能出现你的真实姓名和你学校的名字;2.词数不少于120个。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:

As is shown in the two pictures above, a large quantity of food is wasted in a school dining hall while in contrast to it, a starving little girl is swallowing something dirty possibly from the rubbish, obviously suffering from hunger. These two pictures reflect what's going on in our daily lifeSome are wasting while some others are starving.

We students living in cities always have enough to eat and many of us are not aware of the significance of cherishing the food we have, leading to tons of rice being wasted every day. But when we regard three meals a day as a routine, just think there are students in poor areas who are strugging for food. Before we abondon the food in our plates, we should remind ourselves of the spreading problem of starvation and malnutrition.

Considering the serious problem, I hold the view that it's high time that we raised our awareness by taking steps to improve the situation. Just take meals we are about to consume, and treasure what we have and give a hand to those in need. It's everybody's responsibility to make our earth better. Stop wasting food and we are sure to make a diffrence to the world.

 

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